In the prosperous city and peaceful seaside of Nice one does not forget people once paid with their lives for its current prosperity. Le Monument aux morts de la ville de Nice
reminds the local people and visitors of hard military history, which has «absorbed» many lives. The monument was erected in Nice
in 1928 in memory of 4 thousands of its citizens killed in battle during World War I. (The location of the monument was selected so as to be clearly visible from both the sea and the promenade surrounding the Colline du château (Castle Hill)).
During the inauguration, Marshal Foch, the hero of World War I, and sailors from the United Kingdom, the United States and Italy (their warships were at that time in the Bay of Villefranche) were invited.
This memorial is one of the most impressive in the country. The large size of the memorial (32 meters) symbolizes the idea of eternal memory of inhabitants of Nice who gave their lives on the battlefield for their country.
The architect Roger Sissal worked on the project of the memorial, and the high reliefs adorning the Cenotaph, were sculpted by the sculptor Alfred Zhannio.
When approaching the monument, we will see a large arch, carved into the rock, and the contours of a temple with a colonnade (resembling a funeral urn).
High reliefs at foot of monument are symbolic images of the War, Peace, Freedom and Power. Here you can read the names of inhabitants of Nice who died in the war of 1914-1918, engraved on the monument.
Later on, the names of victims of the Second World War were also engraved on its steles. In the future, the idea of the monument has been progressing, covering all new military conflicts, which fall into the French people. Gradually, the monument has been interpreted as a memorial to those who died in all the wars of the twentieth century. (The steles with the names of the inhabitants of Nice who died during the sanguinary colonial wars that France led from 1946 to 1954 in Vietnam, and from 1954 to 1962 in Algeria have been added).