Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra , Nice , Architecture, Monuments Provence Attractions

Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra
Address - 6, Rue de Longchamp - 06000
Type - Architecture, Monuments
There are two Orthodox churches: the Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra and the Cathédrale de Saint-Nicolas (the most famous and the largest of all the churches built in Western Europe) in the center of Nice.

Nice eglise St nicolas St alexandra facadeThe Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra is older and more modest in design; in addition, it has an interesting history.

The celestial patrons of the church is Saint Nicolas - a miracle worker, patron of sailors, merchants and children, and the Great Martyr Roman Alexandra (the wife of Emperor Diocletian, which he brutally executed for her faith in Jesus - Christ). These names are also reminded of the Emperor Nicolas I and Alexandra Feodorovna, his wife-philanthropist.)

As it is known, many Russian aristocrats lived in Nice. (Even the entire Russian colony was formed there). The fashion to spend the winter there not by accident occurred in the middle of the nineteenth century among the noble families. In 1856, the widow of Emperor Nicolas I, the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna arrived in Nice in order to improve her health. Numerous representatives of the «cream of Russian society» followed her thereafter. The Empress took the construction of an Orthodox church for the Russian colony under her wing; the architect Alexander Kudinov took care of the project (according to the original plan, they wanted to build a small house of worship). However, the French André-François Barraya, involved in the project implementing, at its own risk, built almost twice the height of the building in a year, crowning it by the dome. This church was one of the first Russian Orthodox churches in Western Europe.

On December 31, 1859, the new church was consecrated (six months later, Nice became part of France, and the temple was situated on its territory. However, the parish was administered to the diocese of Staint Petersburg). A library has been located on the ground floor of the church, since its inception.

The building of the church is quite simple and modest, but the rarities of the 19th century have been preserved in the interior: the oak iconostasis, carved into three levels, made in Saint Petersburg under the project of Alexey Gornostaev, the Russian architect and artist, was a gift from the Empress. Moreover, the beautiful solid sanctuary was donated by the Don Cossack Army.

Now the Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra is under omophorion of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and belongs to the Archdiocese of Russian Orthodox Churches in Western Europe.

Map - Église Saint-Nicolas-et-Sainte-Alexandra



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