Église Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur de Nice , Nice , Architecture, Monuments Provence Attractions

Église Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur de Nice
Address - 1, Rue du Jésus - 06300
Type - Architecture, Monuments
Walking through the «labyrinth» of the narrow streets of Old Nice, the tourists eventually find a small square of Jesus, where there is a beautiful old Catholic Church of Église Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur de Nice (also called the Church of Jesus).

Eglise Saint Jacques le MajeurThe church tower in single brick (its height is 42 meters) can only be seen from the neighboring street Rue de Croix (Cross). Do not be lazy to go there to watch its unusual dome covered with colored tiles, typical of Nice - its shape resembles a funny «tricorne» hat.+

The temple, painted in striking blue purplish color, stands on the square, where there is also a shop, a bakery and a small restaurant. It is believed, he was the first building in the city, built in the Baroque style (after onset, a sort of «architectural revolution», which can be judged by the number of baroque facades of the buildings in older neighborhoods, started in Nice).

The church now bears the name of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur (Saint-Jacques is called «le Majeur», underlining that he was the elder brother of John the Evangelist, the apostle).

The temple was formerly the Chapelle de Jésus (Chapel of Jesus) - in 1612, the Jesuits (called the Company of Jesus) began to build a church there. A rich merchant of Nice gave money for the construction of the Jesuit College, and it was decided to join the chapel to the College for that amount. (To obtain the land for construction, the Jesuits bought local homes for several years. And the future first stone of the temple was laid in 1607). Major construction works (on the project were carried out with a high probability, by the architect Jean-André Guibert) were completed in 1650.

The Chapelle de Jésus (Chapel of Jesus) was renamed in Parish Church of St. Jacques after the persecution of the Jesuits (in 1773 the Order was abolished by Pope Clement XIV, and a year later, the Jesuits were expelled from Nice).

Although the Jesuit Order was restored in 1814, regarding the chapel, it was not returned them. In 1825, the facade of the temple was slightly amended - it acquired some of the characteristics of the neo-classical style, remaining still Baroque. The church seems very appealing - enjoy the nice combination of blue-violet colored walls with a pale yellow border, a typical Palladian window, Corinthian pilasters, garlands of flowers in the Mannerist spirit, statues in the niches and the bas-relief of a triangular pediment...

The visitors admire the indoor splendor, the rich decor, which is typical of the baroque style, admire stucco and gilding. (In the temple, there are more than 150 images of cherubs and angels; the vault of the nave is decorated with frescoes depicting the life of Christ and the apostle Jacques, made in the nineteenth century from the designs of local artist Hercules Trachel).

An opportunity to see the statue of the Virgin Mary in the Chapelle de Notre-Dame des Sept Douleurs also attracts tourists in the temple. (She is depicted with a dagger in the heart, which refers to the Gospel of Luke: «Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, 35 so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.» (Luke 2:34-35)).

Map - Église Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur de Nice



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