The Basilica


Basilica of Saint-Michel-Archange
The largest building in the Baroque style on the French Riviera is the Basilica of Saint-Michel-Archange in Menton. The temple was built on the place where previously there were two religious buildings, and in the 18th century a bell tower was added nearby. (The Church of Saint-Michel-Archange obtained the status of the Basilica at the end of the last century from Pope John Paul II).




Cathedral of Saint Reparata
In Nice, there is a not quite ordinary cathedral dedicated to «the heavenly patroness» of Nice, Saint Reparata. This Catholic Cathedral Basilica located in the old town of Nice on a small square in the middle of the narrow streets.




The Basilica of Notre-Dame de Nice
One of the most famous and spectacular attractions of Nice is the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Nice (French: Basilique Notre-Dame de Nice). (Also, this is the largest Catholic church in the city, built in the period between 1864 and 1868).



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The Basilica - Notre Provence Group

Basilica is a rectangular structure. The name comes from the word of Greek roots ‘basilike’ which literally translated means «the king's house.» The building of this type has from 3 to 5 naves of different height. A ‘nave’ comes from the Latin word ‘navis’, i.e. a ‘ship’. The naves have columns or pillars the separation between which is longitudinal. The main nave receives illumination from the windows located on the second floor. It is the most wide and high. Above the nave an apse covered with a semi-dome is located – from the Latin term ‘absida’ or same from the Greek word ‘hapsidos’, that is, an arch, a vault. To enter the Basilica you should go through the narthex,  a term is taken in the Greek language and means a ‘box’. The entrance room located on the west side of the temple preaching Christianity is usually called so. Narthex in churches belonging to the early Christian or medieval period was used for people who were forbidden to be inside the main room – those who turned out to be prepared to accept Christianity.

Basilicas located in the territory of ancient Rome were trade, arbitral buildings or buildings intended for assemblages of political nature. The session hall was in the main nave in one of the parts of which, often separated from the common room by the columns, the tribunal has been placed. There during the sessions the lawyers and judges were present. A little higher a praetor, alias a quaestor, sat. The altar for the sacrifice room was in front of the apse. The word ‘altar’ is of Latin origin, from ‘altaria’, ‘altus’, i.e. ‘the highest’. The credence was placed on a plinth decorated with magnificent sculptures. One could enter through the aisle or from the gable facade.

In the era of the development of Christian religion of the Basilicas entered the Gothic, Romanesque, Byzantine architecture, in the Renaissance. Many diverse buildings for public use are shaped as Basilicas.
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